On January 1, 2018, I woke up early in Sapporo, Hokkaido, and got into the car with my girlfriend’s family. We found a quiet, beautiful spot to watch the sun rise on the first day of the year, silently making our own wishes and goals known to the greater unknown. Before we knew it, the streets had begun to buzz about, busy with the crowds of the New Year. Cars edged for parking spaces, eager to get to their local temples in order to pray for the coming year. Blanketed in pristine snow, Hokkaido made the New Year a magical, soul enriching place to take in 2018. I then came home with everybody for a slow family day, starting with a gigantic New Year’s meal called Osechi-ryōri (お節料理、おせちりょうり). It was all handmade, with each piece thoughtfully added with meaning in order to ring in the new year. We then poured a glass of sake (日本酒、にほんしゅ) and passed it around, giving thanks to the family and giving well wishes as we each took a sip.
Where did it come from?
New Year’s Day was one of the original five seasonal festivals in the Imperical Court in Kyoto, so you know this was a big day (where isn’t it a big day?)! The first three days of the New Year were sacred, so it was taboo to use a hearth to cook meals; save for ozōni (雑煮,おぞに), a traditional soup made with rice cakes. Since women didn’t cook during the new year, Osechi-ryōri was usually made before the start of the first.
Back then (you know, before fast food and Uber Eats), osechi was only made up of vegetables boiled in soy sauce and sugar or mirin. As times changed along with food, so did the variety of Osechi-ryōri. Nowadays it basically means anything made for the New Year, be it fried foods, handmade foods, or takeaway foods. Those pressed for time can take the shortcut to specialty stores, grocery stores, or even convenience stores!
A particularly staple part of osechi is called toshi-koshi soba (年越し蕎麦、としこしそば), a particular kind of soba eaten on New Year’s Eve. The noodles are usually uncut and left long, symbolizing a long life with good luck. Who knows, though? Maybe the cook—after busy days of cooking New Year’s food—needs a break and can whip up some soba quick and simple for the family on the 31st! If you happen to find yourself in a Japanese household on the 31st and slurping up those delicious soba noodles, just remember: It’s considered bad luck to leave and toshi-koshi soba uneaten.
What’s in Osechi-ryōri?
This question will most likely vary from region to region, or even household to household in Japan, based on where you are. This list could go on and on, but know that every item has a special meaning according to the way it’s written in Kanji. Think of these things as a pun, of sorts.
- Daidai (橙、だいだい), a Japanese bitter orange, means “from generation to generation” when written as 代々. It stands for a wish for Children in the New Year.
- Datemaki (伊達巻、だてまき) is a sweet, rolled omelette mixed with fish paste or shrimp. They represent a wish for auspicious days.
- Tazukuri (田作り、たずくり), dried sardines cooked in soy sauce, goes back to when these fish were used to fertilize rice fields. The literal meaning is “rice paddy maker,” so they symbolize an abundant harvest.
- Kamaboko (蒲鉾、かまぼこ), a broiled fish cake, is served in slices of red and white to represent the rising sun of Japan in a festive manner.
- Konbu (昆布、こんぶ) correlates with the word yorokobu, meaning “joy.”
- Kuro-mame (黒豆、くろまめ), black soybeans that stand for good health in the new year, as mame can also mean health.
- Tai (鯛、たい), a fish called red sea-bream, is often associated with the word medetai, meaning congratulations. This symbolizes a lucky event.
- Nishiki tamago (錦卵/二色玉子、にしきたまご), an egg separated before cooking, has its yellow symbolizing gold, and its white symbolizing silver. Together, they symbolize wealth and good fortune.
There are more, and meanings and foods will vary with each region, which is just more reason to visit each one and see what they mean!
The New Year
The Japanese New Year is one of deep importance. It’s filled with good food, but it’s also a time for loved ones to return to the homes where they were born, see their parents and grandparents, and take more calculated, spiritual steps to ringing in the new year. Whereas Western cultures tend to spend Christmas holidays with their families, and sometimes New Years with their friends in a more festive atmosphere; Japan feels like it calms down in a more introspective manner over the New Year’s Holidays.
Apart from visiting temples and eating traditional foods, nearly all Japanese people can be found writing handwritten postcards to family and friends around the world. They’ll spend hours upon hours handwriting names and addresses (or at least printing them out in a way that looks like they were handwritten!) as a gesture of remembrance for those in their lives. Children also line up to their elders to get otoshidama, little red envelopes filled with money.
Nowadays, with less time and more access to convenience, stores will often prepare Osechi-ryōri for families before the New Year. Expensive, high class establishments can make family meals for $500-$1,000 each, while the usual runs from $100-200. There are still plenty of families still handmaking these wonderfully thoughtful meals, packed into boxes similarly shaped to bentos.
Come to Japan and eat one of these meals; then stay for the magic of a Japanese New Year.